In The Quantity Ones, I’m reviewing each single #1 single within the historical past of the Billboard Scorching 100, beginning with the chart’s starting, in 1958, and dealing my means up into the current.
There may be darkish poetry in the best way that Biggie Smalls, fairly probably the best rapper who has ever walked on this planet, began his profession with a traditional LP known as Prepared To Die after which adopted it with Life After Dying, a gargantuan double album that arrived in shops 16 days after Biggie’s homicide. That looks like a wierd coincidence, however it’s actually not. Biggie spent his complete profession obsessive about demise as a result of he knew that demise was a relentless chance. In his music, you’ll be able to hear the nervousness and hedonism of a man who’s already achieved legend standing however who is aware of that his success gained’t preserve him protected.
Prepared To Die, one in all my all-time favourite albums in any style, is a stark, self-contradictory portrait of a troubled younger man who doesn’t suppose that he deserves to see one other day. The album has occasion songs, intercourse songs, and up-from-nothing motivational songs, however it’s firmly rooted in road life, at the hours of darkness first-person tales of robberies or reprisals or shootouts. The album famously ends with “Suicidal Ideas,” the tune the place Biggie goes into deep and unsparing element about his disgust with himself, then with a gunshot sound that appears to suggest Biggie’s suicide.
That second from “Suicidal Ideas” can be the opening-track intro to Life After Dying. Biggie’s sprawling sophomore album, then, begins with that stark imagery of this ascendant younger star taking his personal life, and it goes straight from there into “Someone’s Gotta Die,” a grim story-song about road vengeance. Biggie breathlessly narrates a story the place he learns of a pal’s homicide after which units out to trace down and kill the person accountable. “Someone’s Gotta Die” ends with a hellish twist. Biggie finds the man and fires six bullets into him, then realizes that the person he simply killed was holding his daughter. From there, in a second of tonal whiplash, Life After Dying goes immediately into “Hypnotize,” one of many biggest occasion songs of all time.
That tonal whiplash was nothing new for Biggie Smalls, a person who might make pillow-talk sound like a declaration of conflict and homicide sound seductive. Biggie left behind a tiny catalog on the time of his demise, however that catalog comprises multitudes. When “Hypnotize” took off across the time of Biggie’s homicide, the tune appeared to transcend demise itself. Biggie’s music nearly actually acquired extra consideration within the wake of his demise, which is one thing that Biggie would’ve understood instinctively. Life After Dying, in any case, ends eerily with the brooding tune “You’re No person (Til Someone Kills You).” However “Hypnotize” soundtracked events for years afterwards. The tune was too alive to be overshadowed by demise.
At this level, it feels pointless to delve too deeply into Biggie’s biography, because it’s been so endlessly mythologized, not least by Biggie himself. However since I perceive that this column has readers who weren’t paying a ton of consideration to rap music on the time, right here’s the brief model. Christopher Wallace, the son of Jamaican immigrants, was born in Brooklyn and raised proper on the border between the Clinton Hill and Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhoods. (When Biggie was born, the #1 tune in America was Roberta Flack’s “The First Time Ever I Noticed Your Face.”) Christopher’s father was out of the image, and he was raised by his mom Voletta, a preschool trainer. Younger Christopher — nicknamed “Huge” early on for apparent causes — was a gifted pupil who didn’t see a lot future in class. He later claimed that he began slinging crack rock on the age of 12. His mom, who was working on a regular basis, had no thought.
The 17-year-old Biggie dropped out of highschool in 1989, and he went into crack gross sales full-time. Biggie began rapping on street-corners whereas dealing, and he rapidly gained a repute because the man who might shut down any rapper in any Brooklyn neighborhood. However Biggie’s deal with legal actions stored him in bother. He was arrested a number of occasions, and in 1991, he served 9 months in jail after getting caught promoting crack in North Carolina. After his launch, Biggie acquired just a little extra severe about music. He took the identify Biggie Smalls, after Calvin Lockhart’s bookie within the Sidney Poitier-directed 1975 blaxploitation comedy Let’s Do It Once more, and he recorded a demo tape.
Biggie’s demo caught the eye of Mister Cee, Huge Daddy Kane’s DJ, and of Matty C, a columnist for the rap journal The Supply. Matty featured Biggie in his storied “Unsigned Hype” column. Sean “Puffy” Combs ventured deep into Brooklyn to seek out this rapper and acquired him signed to Uptown Information, the label the place Combs was A&R director. Biggie made his on-record debut on “A Buncha N***as,” a 1993 posse minimize from Uptown star Heavy D. (Heavy D’s highest-charting single, 1991’s “Now That We’ve Discovered Love,” peaked at #11.)
Whereas he was on Uptown, Biggie was nonetheless dealing, although Puffy was consistently lobbying him to cease. Biggie rapped on remixes for Mary J. Blige, Neneh Cherry, and Tremendous Cat, and he additionally discovered that he needed to change his identify. An entire-unknown white kiddie-rapper had taken the identify Biggy Smallz, and he threatened to sue, so Biggie grew to become formally generally known as the Infamous B.I.G. (No person calls him that, although, so I’ll proceed to consult with him as “Biggie” on this column.) Biggie had his breakthrough when his bellowing anthem “Social gathering & Bullshit” appeared on the soundtrack of the Uptown-produced film Who’s The Man and have become an underground hit.
Biggie suffered a setback when André Harrell fired Puffy Combs from Uptown in 1993 and, nearly as an afterthought, dropped Biggie from the label’s roster. However when Puff arrange his new label Dangerous Boy in affiliation with Arista, Biggie grew to become his main-attraction artist. In the summertime of 1994, Biggie’s Dangerous Boy labelmate Craig Mack reached #9 with “Flava In Ya Ear.” That tune owed a complete lot of its pop success to its all-star posse minimize remix, and Biggie had the riveting opening verse on that remix, speaking about “You’re mad as a result of my model you’re admirin’/ Don’t be mad, UPS is hirin’.” (That “Flava In Ya Ear” remix is a ten.)
In September of ’94, Biggie launched Prepared To Die. The album got here out within the midst of a inventive rebirth of New York rap, which had been wrongfooted by the sudden rise of West Coast G-funk. Prepared To Die got here out shortly after the discharge of different New York classics like Enter The Wu-Tang (36 Chambers) and Illmatic. In contrast to these albums, although, Prepared To Die aimed to be simply as slick and forbidding because the music that was popping out of Dying Row Information on the time, and it succeeded wildly. Biggie was a rapper with the whole bundle. As a author, he was dense and allusive, nice at working little assonant inner rhymes whereas nonetheless retaining a coherent narrative going. He was additionally daring and brash and charismatic, and his booming voice immediately commanded consideration. Biggie first reached the Scorching 100 as a lead artist with the self-mythologizing origin story “Juicy,” which peaked at #27 however which could now be Biggie’s best-loved tune.
There’s an interesting dynamic at work on Prepared To Die. Biggie clearly imagined himself as a part of a lineage of New York rappers, whereas Puffy pushed Biggie towards pop-crossover standing, encouraging him to depict himself as a intercourse image and to rap over clear, nostalgic samples. Biggie was reluctant to adapt Puffy’s method, however Puffy’s pop instincts had been large. In 1994, Biggie made it to #6 with “Huge Poppa,” a laid-back occasion tune that undoubtedly tailored a few of G-funk’s sonic films. (It’s a 9.) Later that yr, Puffy remixed the Biggie album observe “One Extra Probability,” including all types of sweeteners, and “One Extra Probability/Keep With Me” peaked at #2. (It’s one other 9.)
One of many sweetening brokers on that “One Extra Probability” remix was Religion Evans, an R&B singer signed to Dangerous Boy. (As lead artist, Religion Evans’ highest-charting single is 1998’s “Love Like This,” which peaked at #7. It’s an 8. As a visitor, Evans will seem on this column very quickly.) Biggie met Religion at a Dangerous Boy photoshoot a month earlier than Prepared To Die got here out, and the 2 acquired married 5 days later. It was not a storybook marriage. Biggie recurrently cheated on Religion, typically with the feminine rappers who he took beneath his tutelage. In 1996, Biggie and Religion had been totally estranged, and Biggie’s former pal Tupac Shakur launched “Hit ‘Em Up,” a withering diss observe that included the declare that he’d had intercourse with Biggie’s spouse. “Hit ‘Em Up” got here out as one of many B-sides to “How Do U Need It,” Pac’s solely #1 hit, and it acquired a lot of consideration.
Biggie by no means actually responded to “Hit ‘Em Up,” although he did throw little pictures at Pac and Dying Row sometimes. Within the years between albums, Biggie largely tried to remain above the fray, however the story of the East Coast/West Coast feud captured imaginations, and Biggie might by no means totally get away from it. Nonetheless, Biggie’s profession thrived. Prepared To Die was an instantaneous traditional that went double platinum throughout Biggie’s lifetime. (It’s now platinum six occasions over.) Within the years that adopted, Biggie collaborated with Michael Jackson, rapped on hits from Dangerous Boy labelmates like Whole and 112, and launched an album along with his group Junior M.A.F.I.A. (Junior M.A.F.I.A.’s highest-charting single, the 1995 Biggie showcase “Participant’s Anthem,” peaked at #13.)
In September of 1996, Tupac Shakur was shot useless in Las Vegas. On the time, Biggie was already engaged on Life After Dying. LA Instances author Chuck Phillips as soon as claimed that Biggie had equipped the gun that ended Pac’s life, however different journalists have debunked Phillips’ story. By most accounts, Pac’s homicide unnerved Biggie deeply. A couple of days after Pac’s demise, the Junior M.A.F.I.A. member Lil Stop crashed a rented SUV. Biggie, who by no means drove, was a passenger, and Biggie was hospitalized for months. (The cane on the “Hypnotize” single cowl isn’t a prop.) Biggie thought of quitting rap in that second, however as a substitute he labored more durable, and Life After Dying grew to become a double album.
Life After Dying was imagined to be a form of rebirth — Biggie abandoning the violence and melancholy of his youthful years, specializing in the maximalist good-time music that Puffy was pushing. There’s loads of murder-talk on Life After Dying, however the album veers all over sonically, creating this lush and sophisticated mattress for Biggie to speak his discuss. Puffy had gone on a visit to Trinidad with the Hitmen, his Dangerous Boy manufacturing staff, they usually’d made many of the beats that would seem on Life After Dying and on Puffy’s personal solo album. Puffy co-produced “Hypnotize” with Hitmen producers Deric “D-Dot” Angelettie and Ron “Amen-Ra” Lawrence, each of whom had studied at Howard on the similar time at Puff and who’d launched one go-nowhere 1991 album because the rap duo Two Kings In A Cipher. Puffy, D-Dot, and Amen-Ra constructed the “Hypnotize” beat from a pattern of “Rise,” the funky Herb Alpert instrumental that had been a #1 hit in 1979.
These three producers made the “Hypnotize” beat from the slow-stroll “Rise” bassline and from an echoing guitar chord that seems about midway by way of the observe. As quickly as he heard the beat, Biggie liked it. Herb Alpert’s nephew Randy “Badazz” Alpert had written “Rise” along with his writing companion Andy Armer, and Badazz later advised Soundfacts that he’d turned down a number of requests from rappers to pattern “Rise.” When Puffy got here to him with the request, Badazz requested why Puffy needed to make use of that exact pattern, and he favored Puffy’s reply: “He advised me that in the summertime of 1979, when he was I feel 10 years previous, the tune was an enormous hit in every single place in New York. ‘Rise,’ together with Stylish’s ‘Good Instances,’ had been the songs that every one the youngsters had been dancing and rollerskating to that summer time. He had at all times remembered that summer time and that tune.”
Badazz additionally says he had a sense that “Hypnotize,” like “Rise” earlier than it, might be a #1 hit. He was proper. Badazz and Andy Armer each acquired writing credit on “Hypnotize,” however Dangerous Boy didn’t prolong a credit score to the one who’d initially provide you with the hook. That was Slick Rick, a determine who’s come up on this column earlier than. The unique model of that hook got here from “La Di Da Di,” the Slick Rick showcase that appeared on the B-side of Doug E. Contemporary & The Get Contemporary Crew’s landmark 1985 single “The Present.” On “La Di Da Di,” Rick rapped over a beatboxing Doug E. Contemporary, and he advised a narrative about getting recent within the morning and heading off the advances of the older girls who wouldn’t depart him alone. When Rick rejects the too-aggressive mom of a potential girlfriend, she sings him a tune: “Ricky Ricky Ricky, can’t you see?/ Someway, your phrases simply hypnotize me/ And I simply love your jazzy methods/ MC Rick, my love is right here to say.” Slick Rick stays unmoved.
On “Hypnotize,” Biggie took that little little bit of “La Di Da Di,” adjusted the wording barely, and used it as a refrain. Biggie sang these traces himself on the “Hypnotize” demo, however on the only itself, the hook comes from Pam Lengthy, one of many members of the Dangerous Boy lady group Whole. (As lead artists, Whole’s highest-charting single is the 1998 Missy Elliott collab “Trippin’,” which peaked at #7. It’s an 8. As company, Whole reached #3 after they sang the hook on the 1996 LL Cool J observe “Loungin’.” It’s a 6.)
“Hypnotize” has an incredible slow-roll beat and a sticky hook, however it’s onerous to think about anybody making extra of that than Biggie did. Biggie sinks into that groove with complete authority, declaiming his personal greatness in all types of witty, winky methods. Just about every part that Biggie says on “Hypnotize” feels like a hook. Particular person traces are inscribed deep in rap’s DNA. There’s the opening line from the opening verse: “Ha, slicker than your common.” There’s this: “Useless proper, if the head proper, Biggie there erry night time/ Poppa been easy since days of Underoos.” Biggie by no means discovered to drive, however a wonderful awe nonetheless creeps into his voice when he describes luxurious automobiles: “The Lexus LS 4 and a half/ Bulletproof glass, tints if I would like some ass.” One verse begins with Biggie describing how women from sure cities are most into sure designers. There’s humor in his voice, as if he’s evenly mocking these women’ materialism, however he additionally sounds proud to know this and to share this info with the world.
Biggie feels like he’s having a good time all through “Hypnotize,” however the tune additionally represents Biggie ramping his model up for world consumption. On Prepared To Die, it was sufficient for Biggie to speak about promoting coke on corners or dwelling in mansion and Benzes, giving ends to his mates and it feels stupendous. On Life After Dying, Biggie goes larger. His legal exploits change into the stuff of gangster films. Biggie was already calling himself the Black Frank White, after Christopher Walken’s character in King Of New York, and he takes issues additional on “Hypnotize.” Contemplate the situation specified by this fast little apart: “At my arraignment, observe for the plaintiff/ ‘Your daughter’s tied up in a Brooklyn basement.’” That story might be a complete tune, however on “Hypnotize,” it’s simply Biggie riffing — a line to kick out in between bragging about his “mansion paid for, no automotive funds” and the way he’s “richer than Richie.”
When you get deep into the “Hypnotize” lyrics, there’s a lot of bloodthirst. Biggie will squeeze three at your cherry M-3 and bang each MC simply. He’ll blast, squeeze first, ask questions final. He additionally describes himself doing a complete lot of fucking. He invitations you to have intercourse on rugs that’s Persian or to return as much as your job and hit you whilst you workin’. Both means, he’ll depart that ass leakin’ like rappers’ demos. (Even within the pre-internet days, there was a brisk New York street-corner commerce in bootlegged rap mixtapes; a number of demos that weren’t for public consumption nonetheless discovered their means into the world.) Even with all of the intercourse and violence, although, “Hypnotize” by no means sounds surprising. It’s too good-natured. You’ll be able to hear Biggie’s smile, and you realize instinctively that he’s presenting all these items as escapist cinematic leisure. He even highlights the gulf between his participant discuss and his headknock shit: “Eventually, a n***a rappin’ about blunts and broads, tits and bras, ménage à trois, intercourse in costly automobiles/ I’ll nonetheless depart you on the pavement.”
That “ultimately” would possibly sound prefer it’s a joke, however it’s not. When Biggie was alive, most of his friends weren’t going over-the-top with the extravagant rich-life boasting. Biggie had ascended to the purpose the place he might rap about escargots and a automotive that go 160 swiftly, and he noticed this as a win each for himself and for rap generally. Within the years since, an incredible many rappers have chased that very same grandeur, and no person’s ever performed it higher than Biggie. Biggie simply had a knack for saying stuff that sounded good. Play “Hypnotize” in your automotive, late at night time, when there’s no person else on the street and nothing however inexperienced lights forward of you, and you’ll really feel invincible.
Invincibility is a giant theme of the “Hypnotize” video. Paul Hunter, the identical director who’d made Puffy’s “Can’t No person Maintain Me Down” clip and who would later make the film Bulletproof Monk, phases an insane, incoherent action-movie spectacle. The video opens with Biggie and Puff in a speedboat, being chased by helicopters, and Biggie is so unbothered by his pursuers that he retains rapping and smiling the entire time. He’s nonetheless smiling within the subsequent scene, when Puffy is rushing backwards in a sports activities automotive as extra faceless guys go after them on bikes. We don’t get any backstory, although you’ll be able to in all probability assume that the folks chasing them are cops. In a while, we see Biggie and Puff at a lavishly appointed occasion the place the centerpiece is a huge fishtank stuffed with dancers dressed as mermaids. We additionally see those self same dancers within the ocean when Biggie and Puff are of their boat chase, and I suppose the implication is that Biggie and Puffy are mates with precise mermaids?
Biggie didn’t reside to see any of those, however 1997 was the yr of insane action-movie blockbusters like Con Air and Face/Off. The “Hypnotize” video faucets proper into that very same spectacle-happy zeitgeist, and it’s a blast. However I’ve by no means been a fan of how the “Hypnotize” clip, like so many different peak-era big-budget Dangerous Boy movies, drowns out the tune with the sounds of helicopters and explosions. With that in thoughts, then, right here’s “Hypnotize” embedded with no video bullshit:
Biggie launched the “Hypnotize” single on March 4, 1997. 5 days later, Biggie was in LA, leaving a Soul Prepare Awards after-party, when a automotive pulled up alongside and an unidentified gunman shot Biggie as soon as. Biggie’s staff rushed him to the hospital, and he was pronounced useless later that night time. Biggie was 24 years previous. A couple of weeks later, Biggie’s label boss Puff Daddy landed at #1 for the primary time. “Hypnotize” debuted at #2 and shortly pushed Puffy’s “Can’t No person Maintain Me Down” out of the #1 spot. When that occurred, Biggie grew to become the fifth artist to prime the Scorching 100 posthumously.
Biggie died 17 years after the earlier posthumous #1 hitmaker John Lennon, who was shot down in massively totally different circumstances. The earlier posthumous #1 hits — Otis Redding’s “(Sittin’ On) The Dock Of The Bay,” Janis Joplin’s “Me And Bobby McGee,” Jim Croce’s “Time In A Bottle,” Lennon’s “(Simply Like) Beginning Over” — are all bittersweet songs in a method or one other. “Hypnotize” isn’t. Biggie was youthful than any of these different artists, however for all its crime-life boasts, “Hypnotize” is pure conceited party-fuel. That’s the way it performed even after Biggie’s demise. Throughout Biggie’s funeral procession, crowds jammed Brooklyn streets to say goodbye. However while you see footage of individuals enjoying “Hypnotize” throughout that procession, it’s not a tragic farewell. It’s a celebration, an explosion of affection.
When “Hypnotize” reached #1, Biggie Smalls was practically two months gone. However Biggie’s music continued to play in every single place for months afterward. Extremely, we’ll see Biggie on this column once more.
BONUS BEATS: For a very transient interval in 1998, the Rock walked out to the WWF ring to a model of his theme music that had been put collectively particularly to tear off “Hypnotize” as onerous as attainable. Right here’s the Rock, along with his pretend “Hypnotize” music, heading out to struggle Al Snow on Monday Night time Uncooked:
BONUS BONUS BEATS: Right here’s the scene from the good 1999 high-school flick 10 Issues I Hate About You the place a drunk Julia Stiles jumps up on a desk and dances to “Hypnotize”:
BONUS BONUS BONUS BEATS: A whole bunch upon lots of of rappers have in all probability paraphrased the road about “if the head proper, Biggie there erry night time.” Right here’s Nelly utilizing that line on the hook of his nice 2000 hit “E.I.”:
(“E.I.” peaked at #15. Nelly will ultimately seem on this column.)
BONUS BONUS BONUS BONUS BEATS: Right here’s Monica singing over the “Hypnotize” beat on her 2002 album observe “I’m Again”:
(Monica will ultimately seem on this column.)
BONUS BONUS BONUS BONUS BONUS BEATS: Right here’s “Hypnotize” soundtracking a quick scene within the 2018 masterpiece Spider-Man: Into The Spider-Verse:
(The Spider-Verse soundtrack will ultimately seem on this column.)